新疆时时彩

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【安全生产月】|校园实验室安全科普(二)
2019-06-15 09:23   审核人:

 

新疆时时彩shiyanshijizhongledaliangdeyiqishebei、huaxueyaopin、yiranyibaojiyouduwuzhi。youdeshiyanxuyaozaigaowen、gaoyahuoqiangci、weibo、fushedengteshutiaojianxiajinxing;youdeyaoshiyongmeiqi、yangqidengyasuoqiti,gongzuoshaoyoubushenjiuyoukenengyinqihuozai、baozha、chudian、zhongdu、fangshexingshanghai、wuranhuanjingdeng,zaochengrenshenshangwanghuocaichansunshidengshigu。yinci,bixujiaqiangshiyanshideanquanguanli,caiquqieshikexingdefanghucuoshi,jianshaohuodujueshigudefasheng。

实验室区域行为规范

1.budezaishiyanshiyinshi、chucunshipin、yinliaodenggerenshenghuowupin;budezuoyushiyan、yanjiuwuguandeshiqing。

新疆时时彩2.zhenggeshiyanshiquyujinzhixiyan(baokuoshinei、zoulang、diantijiandeng)。

新疆时时彩3.weijingshiyanshiguanlibumenyunxubudejiangwairendaijinshiyanshi。

4.shuxijinjiqingkuangxiadetaoliluxianhejinjiyingduicuoshi,qingchujijiuxiang、miehuoqicai、jinjixiyanzhuangzhihechonglinqideweizhi。mingjijijiudianhua119/120/110。

5.baochishiyanshimenhezoudaochangtong,zuixiaohuacunfangshiyanshideshijishuliang,weijingyunxuyanjinchucunjuduyaopin。

新疆时时彩6.likaishiyanshiqianxuxishou,bukechuanshiyanfu、daishoutaojinrucanting、tushuguan、huiyishi、bangongshidenggonggongchangsuo。

新疆时时彩7.baochishiyanshiganjingzhengjie,shiyanjieshuhoushiyanyongju、qimindengjishixijing、honggan、ruju,shineihetaimianjunwudaliangwupinduiji,meitianzhishaoqingliyicishiyantai。

8.shiyangongzuozhongpengdaoyiwenjishiqingjiaogaishiyanshihuoyiqishebeizerenren,budemangmucaozuo。

9.zuoshiyanqijianyanjinzhangshijianlikaishiyanxianchang。

10.wanshang、jiejiarizuomouxieweixianshiyanshishineibixuyouerrenyishang,yibaoshiyananquan。

化学品的储存保管

1.suoyouhuaxueyaopinderongqidouyaotieshangqingxiyongjiubiaoqian,yibiaomingneirongjiqiqianzaiweixian。

新疆时时彩2.suoyouhuaxueyaopindouyingjubeiwupinanquanshujuqingdan。

3.shuxisuoshiyongdehuaxueyaopindetexingheqianzaiweihai。

新疆时时彩4.duiyuzaichucunguochengzhongbuwendinghuoyixingchengguoyanghuawudehuaxueyaopinxujiazhutebiebiaoji。

5.huaxueyaopinyingchucunzaiheshidegaodu,tongfengchuneibudechucunhuaxueyaopin。

新疆时时彩6.zhuangyoufushixingyetirongqidechucunweizhiyingdangjinkenengdi,bingjiadianshoujipan,yifangqingsayinqianquanshigu。

7.jiangbuwendingdehuaxuepinfenkaichucun,biaoqianshangbiaominggoumairiqi。jiangyoukenengfashenghuaxuefanyingdeyaopinshijifenkaichucun,yifangxianghuzuoyongchanshengyouduyanwu、huozai,shenzhibaozha。

8.huifaxingheduxingwupinxuyaoteshuchucuntiaojian,weijingyunxubudezaishiyanshichucunjuduyaopin。

9.zaishiyanshineibudechucundaliangyiranrongji,yongduoshaolingduoshao。weishiyongdezhengpingshijixufangzhizaiyuanliguangzhao、reyuandedifang。

10.jiechuweixianhuaxuepinshibixuchuangongzuofu,daifanghujing,chuanbulujiaozhidemankouxie,zhangfabixushuqi。

有机溶剂的使用

1.易燃有机溶剂

xuduoyoujirongjiruguochulibudanghuiyinqihuozaishenzhibaozha。rongjihekongqidehunhewuyidanranshaobianxunsumanyan,huolizhidakeyizaishunjiandianranyiranwuti,zaiyangqichongzu(ruyangqigangpinglouqiyinqi)dedifangzhehuo,huoligengmeng,keshiyixiebuyiranwuzhiranshao。dangyiranyoujirongjizhengqiyukongqihunhebingdadaoyidingdenongdufanweishi,shenzhihuifashengbaozha。

shiyongyiranyoujirongjishi,xuzhuyiyixiashixiang:

新疆时时彩(1)jiangyiranyetiderongqizhiyujiaodideshijijiashang。

新疆时时彩(2)baochirongqimibi,xuyaoqingdaoyetishi,fangkedakaimibirongqidegaizi。

(3)yingzaimeiyouhuoyuanbingqietongfenglianghao(rutongfengchu)difangshiyongyiranyoujirongji,danzhuyiyongliangbuyaoguoda。

(4)chucunyiranrongjishi,yinggaijinkenengjianshaocunchuliang,yimianyinqiweixian。

(5)jiareyiranyetishi,zuihaoshiyongyouyuhuoshuiyu,budeyongminghuojiare。

(6)shiyongyiranyoujirongjishiyingtebiezhuyishiyongwenduheshiyantiaojian,xiatuweichangyongyiranyoujirongjiderandian、ziranwendu、ranshaonongdufanwei。

(7)huaxueqitihekongqidehunhewuranshaohuiyinqibaozha(ru3.25kebingtongqitiranshaoshifangdenengliangxiangdangyu10gzhayao),yinciranshaoshiyanxujinshencaozuo。

(8)shiyongguochengzhong,xujingtiyixiachangjianhuoyuan: minghuo(benshengdeng、hanqiang、youdeng、bilu、dianhuomiao、huochai)、huoxing(dianyuankaiguan、moca)、reyuan(dianreban、dengsi、dianretao、hongxiang、sanreqi、keyidongjiareqi、xiangyan)、jingdiandianhe。

2.有毒有机溶剂

youjirongjideduxingbiaoxianzairongjiyurentijiechuhuobeirentixishoushiyinqijubumazuicijihuozhenggejitigongnengfashengzhangai。yiqieyouhuifaxingdeyoujirongji,qizhengqizhangshijian、gaonongduyurentijiechuzongshiyoudude,biru: bochunlei(jiachunchuwai)、milei、quanlei、tonglei、bufenzhilei、bianchunleirongjiyisunhaishenjingxitong;suosuanjiazhilei、jiasuanzhileihuiyinqifeizhongdu;benjiqiyanshengwu、yierchunleidenghuifashengxueyezhongdu;ludaitingleihuidaozhiganzangjixinchendaixiezhongdu;silvyiwanjiyierchunleihuiyinqiyanzhongshenzangzhongdudeng。yincishiyongshiyingzhuyiyixiashixiang:

(1)jinliangbuyaojiangpifuyuyoujirongjizhijiejiechu,wubizuohaogerenfanghu,xiangjian: sanshiyanshigerenfanghuzhishi。

(2)zhuyibaochishiyanchangsuotongfeng。

(3)zaishiyongguochengzhongruguoyouduyoujirongjiyichu,yinggenjuyichudeliang,yikaisuoyouhuoyuan,tixingshiyanshixianchangrenyuan,yongmiehuoqipensa,zaiyongxishoujiqingsao、zhuangdai、fengkou,zuoweifeirongjichuli。

仪器、设施、器具的使用

1.玻璃器皿

zhengquedeshiyonggezhongboliqiminduiyujianshaorenyuanshanghaishifeichangzhongyaode。shiyanshizhongbuyunxushiyongposundeboliqimin。duiyubunengxiufudeboliqimin,yingdanganzhaofeiwuchuli。zaixiufuboliqiminqianyingqingchuqizhongsuocanliudehuaxueyaopin。

新疆时时彩shiyanshirenyuanzaishiyonggezhongboliqiminshi,yingzhuyiyixiashixiang:

(1)zaixiangpisaihuoxiangpiguanshanganzhuangboliguanshi,yingdaifanghushoutao。xianjiangboliguandeliangduanyonghuoshaoguanghua,bingyongshuihuoyouzhituzaijiekouchuzuorunhuaji。duizhanjiezaiyiqideboliqimin,buyaoshituyonglila,yimianshangshou。

新疆时时彩(2)duwapingwaimianyinggaibaoshangyicengjiaodaihuoqitabaohucengyifangposuishibolixiefeijian。bolizhengliuzhuyeyingyouleisidebaohuceng。shiyongboliqiminjinxingfeichangya(gaoyudaqiyahuodiyudaqiya)caozuoshi,yingdangzaibaohudangbanhoujinxing。

(3)posuiboliyingfangruzhuanmendelajitong。posuibolizaifangrulajitongqian,yingyongshuichongxiganjing。

(4)zaijinxingjianyazhengliushi,yingdangcaiyongshidangdebaohucuoshi(ruyoujibolidangban) ,fangzhiboliqiminfashengbaozhahuopolieerzaochengrenyuanshanghai。

新疆时时彩(5)putongdeboliqiminbushihezuoyalifanying,jishishizaijiaodideyalixiayeyoujiaodaweixian,yinerjinzhiyongputongdeboliqiminzuoyalifanying。

新疆时时彩(6)buyaojiangjiaredeboliqiminfangyuguolengdetaimianshang,yifangzhiwendujijubianhuaeryinqiboliposui。

2.旋转蒸发仪

xuanzhuanzhengfayishishiyanshizhongchangyongdeyiqi,shiyongshiyingzhuyixialieshixiang:

新疆时时彩(1)xuanzhuanzhengfayishiyongdeyaliyibanwei10~30mmhg。

新疆时时彩(2)xuanzhuanzhengfayigegelianjiebufendouyingyongzhuanyongjiaziguding。

(3)xuanzhuanzhengfayishaopingzhongderongjirongliangbunengchaoguoyiban。

(4)xuanzhuanzhengfayibixuyishidangdesuduxuanzhuan。

3.真空泵

新疆时时彩zhenkongbengshiyongyuguolv、zhengliuhezhenkongganzaodeshebei。changyongdezhenkongbengyousanzhong: kongqibeng、youbeng、xunhuanshuibeng。shuibengheyoubengkechouzhenkongdao20~100mmhg,gaozhenkongyoubengkechouzhenkongdao0.001~5mmhg。shiyongshiyingzhuyixialieshixiang:

(1)youbengqianbixujielengjing。

(2)xunhuanshuibengzhongdeshuibixujingchanggenghuan,yimiancanliuderongjibeimadahuohuayinbao。

(3)shiyongwanzhiqian,xianjiangzhengliuyejiangwen,zaihuanmanfangqi,dadaopinghenghouzaiguanbi。

(4)youbengbixujingchanghuanyou。

新疆时时彩(5)youbengshangdepaiqikoushangyaojiexiangpiguanbingtongdaotongfengchunei。

4.通风橱

新疆时时彩tongfengchudezuoyongshibaohushiyanshirenyuanyuanliyouduyouhaiqiti,danyebunengpaichusuoyouduqi。shiyongshiyingzhuyixialieshixiang:

(1)huaxueyaopinheshiyanyiqibunengzaichukouchubaifang。

(2)zaizuoshiyanshibunengguanbitongfeng。

5.温度计

新疆时时彩wendujiyibanyoujiujingwenduji、shuiyinwenduji、shiyingwendujijiredianoudeng。diwenjiujingwendujiceliangfanwei-80℃ ~ +50℃;jiujingwendujiceliangfanwei 0℃ ~ +80℃;shuiyinwendujiceliangfanwei 0℃ ~ +360℃;gaowenshiyingwendujiceliangfanwei 0℃ ~ +500℃,redianouzaishiyanshizhongbuchangyong。shiyanshirenyuanyingxuanyongheshidewenduji。wendujibunengdangjiaobanbangshiyong,yimianzheduan、posun,daozhiqitaweihai。shuiyinwendujiposuihou,yaoyongxiguanxiqudabufenshuiyin,zhiyutedingmibirongqibingzuohaobiaoshi,daifeihuaxueshijigongsijinxingchuli,ranhouyongliuhuangfugaishengyudeshuiyin,shurihoujinxingqingli。

6.气体钢瓶

新疆时时彩gangpingneidewuzhijingchangchuyugaoyazhuangtai,danggangpingqingdao、yure、yubuguifandecaozuoshidoukenenghuiyinfabaozhadengweixian。gangpingyasuoqitichuyibao、yipenshewai,xuduoqitiyiran、youduqiejufushixing。yincigangpingdeshiyongyingzhuyi:

(1)zhengchanganquanqitigangpingdetezheng:

新疆时时彩①gangpingbiaomianyaoyouqingchudebiaoqian,zhumingqitimingcheng。

②qipingjunjuyouyansebiaoshi。

③suoyouqitigangpingbixuzhuangyoujianyafa。

(2)qitigangpingdecunfang:

新疆时时彩①yasuoqitishuyijiweixianpin,jinkenengjianshaocunfangzaishiyanshidegangpingshuliang,shiyanshineiyanjincunfangqingqi。

②qitigangpingyingdangkaoqiangzhilifangzhi,bingcaiqufangzhiqingdaocuoshi;yingdangbimianpushai、yuanlireyuan、fushixingcailiaoheqianzaidechongji;tongshigangpingbudefangyuzoulangyumenting,yifangjinjishusanshishouzujiqitayiwaishijiandefasheng。

③yiranqitiqipingyuzhuranqitiqipingbudehunhefangzhi;keran、yiranyaliqipingliminghuojulibudexiaoyu10mi;yiranqitijiyouduqitiqipingbixuanfangzaishiwai,bingfangzaiguifande、anquandetiejuzhong。

(3)qitigangpingdeshiyong:

新疆时时彩①dakaijianyafaqianyingdangcajinggangpingfamenchukoudeshuihechenhui。gangpingshiyongwan,jianggangpingzhufaguanbibingshifangjianyafaneiguoshengdeyali,xutaoshanganquanmao(yuanshejizhongwuxuanquanmaozhechuwai) yifangfamenshousun。quxiaanquanmaoshibixujinshenxiaoxinyimianwuyizhongdakaigangpingzhufa。

新疆时时彩②budejianggangpingwanquanyongkong(youqishiyigui、qingqi、yangqigangping),bixuliucunyidingdezhengyali。

③qitigangpingbixuzaijianyafahechuqifawanhaowusundeqingkuangxia,zaitongfenglianghaodechangsuoshiyong,shejiyouduqitishiyingzengjiajubutongfeng。

④zaishiyongzhuangyouyouduhuofushixingqitidegangpingshi,yingdaifanghuyanjing、mianzhao、shoutaohegongzuoweiqun。yanjinqiaojihepengzhuangyaliqiping。

⑤yangqigangpingdejianyafa、famenjiguanlujinzhituyouleihuozhilei。

⑥gangpingzhuanyunyingshiyonggangpingtuichebingbaochizhili,tongshi,guanjinjianyafa。

7.离心机

新疆时时彩zaiguyefenlishi,tebieshiduihanhenxiaodegutikelixuanfuyejinxingfenlishi,lixinfenlishiyizhongfeichangyouxiaodetujing。shiyongshizhuyiyixiajidian:

(1)zaishiyonglixinjishi,lixinguanbixuduichengpingheng,fouzeyingyongshuizuopinghengwuyibaochilixinjipinghengxuanzhuan。

(2)lixinjiqidongqianyinggaihaolixinjidegaizi,xianzaijiaodidesuduxiajinxingqidong,ranhouzaidiaojiezhisuoxudelixinsudu。

(3)danglixincaozuojieshushi,bixudengdaolixinjitingzhiyunzhuanhouzaidakaigaizi,juebunengzailixinjiweiwanquantingzhiyunzhuanqiandakaigaizihuoyongshouchumolixinjidezhuandongbufen。

(4)bolilixinguanyaoqiujiaogaodezhiliang,suliaolixinguanzhongbunengfangrurerongyehuoyoujirongji,yimianzailixinshiguanzibianxing。

新疆时时彩(5)lixinderongyeyibankongzhizailixinguantijideyibanzuoyou,qiebunengfangruguoduodeyeti,yimianlixinshiyetisanyi。

8.注射器

新疆时时彩shiyongzhusheqishiyaofangzhizhentoucishangjizhentongposuiershanghaishoubu,zhentouhezhentongyaoxuanjinyifangzhishenlou。yongguodezhusheqiyidingyaojishixijing。wuyongdezhentongyinggaixianhuihuaizaichuli,yifangtarenwuyong。

9.冰箱和冰柜

新疆时时彩shiyanshizhongdebingxiangjunwufangbaozhuangzhi,bushiyongcunfangyiran、yibao、huifaxingrongji。

新疆时时彩(1)yanjinzaibingxianghebingjuneicunfanggerenshipin。

新疆时时彩(2)suoyoucunfangzaibingxianghebingjuneidedifeidianshijijunyingyouguifandebiaoqian。

(3)fangyubingxianghebingjuneidesuoyourongqixumifeng,dingqiqingxibingxiangjiqingchubuxuyaodeyangpinheshiji。

实验室主要的安全事故

1.火灾事故

yuanyin:

wangjiguandianyuan, zhishishebeihuoyongdianqijutongdianshijianguozhang,wenduguogao,yinqizhehuo;caozuobushenhuoshiyongbudang,shihuoyuanjiechuyiranwuzhi,yinqizhehuo;gongdianxianlulaohua,chaofuheyunxing, daozhixianlufare, yinqizhehuo;luanrengyantou, jiechuyiranwuzhi, yinqizhehuodeng。

zheileishigudefashengjuyoupubianxing,renheshiyanshidoukenengfasheng。

2.爆炸事故

yuanyin:

weifancaozuoguicheng,yinranyiranwupin,jinerdaozhibaozha;shebeilaohua,cunzaiguzhanghuoquexian,zaochengyiranyibaowupinxielou,yuhuohuaeryinqibaozha。

zheileishiguduofashengzaiyouyiranyibaowupinheyalirongqideshiyanshi。

3.生物安全事故

yuanyin:

weishengwushiyanshiguanlishangdeshulouheyiwaishigubujinkeyidaozhishiyanshigongzuorenyuandeganran,yekezaochenghuanjingwuranhedamianjirenqunganran;shengwushiyanshichanshengdefeiwushenzhibihuaxueshiyanshidegengweixian,shengwufeiqiwuhanyouchuanranxingdebingjun、bingdu、huaxuewuranwujifangshexingyouhaiwuzhi,duirenleijiankanghehuanjingwurandoukenenggouchengjidadeweihai。

4.毒害事故

yuanyin:

weifancaozuoguicheng,jiangshiwudaijinyouduwudeshiyanshi, zaochengwushizhongdu;shebeisheshilaohua,cunzaiguzhanghuoquexian,zaochengyouduwuzhixielouhuoyouduqitipaifangbuchu, niangchengzhongdu;guanlibushan, zaochengyouduwuzhisanluoliushi,yinqihuanjingwuran;feishuipaifangguanlushouzuhuoshixiugaidao,zaochengyoudufeishuiweijingchulierliuchu,yinqihuanjingwuran。

zheileishiguduofashengzaijuyouhuaxueyaopinhejuduwuzhidehuaxuehuagongshiyanshihejuyouduqipaifangdeshiyanshi。

5.设备损坏事故

yuanyin:xianluguzhanghuoleijizaochengturantingdian,zhishibeijiaredejiezhibunenganyaoqiuhuifuyuanlaizhuangtaizaochengshebeisunhuai;gaosuyundongdeshebeiyinbushencaozuoerfashengpengzhuanghuojiya,daozhishebeishousun。

新疆时时彩zheileishiguduofashengzaiyongdianjiaredeshiyanshi。

6.机电伤人事故

yuanyin:

caozuobudanghuoqueshaofanghu,zaochengjiya、shuaituohepengzhuangshangren;weifancaozuoguichenghuoyinshebeisheshilaohuaercunzaiguzhanghequexian, zaochengloudianchudianhedianhuhuohuashangren;shiyongbudangzaochenggaowenqiti、yetiduirendeshanghai。

zheileishiguduofashengzaiyougaosuxuanzhuanhuochongjiyundongdejixieshiyanshi, huoyaodaidianzuoyededianqishiyanshiheyixieyougaowenchanshengdeshiyanshi。

7.设备或技术被盗事故

yuanyin:

shiyanshirenyuanliudongda, shebeihejishuguanlinanduda, shiyanshirenyuananquanyishiboruo, rangfanzuifenziyoujikecheng。

新疆时时彩zheileishigushishiyanshianquanchangfashijian, bujinzaochenglecaichansunshi, yingxiangleshiyanshidezhengchangyunzhuan, shenzhiyoukenengzaochenghexinjishudewaixie。

预防措施

1.杜绝人为隐患

新疆时时彩canyushiyangongzuozhutishiren,rendebuanquanyinsushidaozhishiyanshianquanshigufashengdezuizhuyaoyuanyin。yinci,zhiyoucong“ren”zheshou,tongguogezhongshouduantigaoshiyanrenyuandeanquanyishihesuyang,cainengzuidaxiandudijianshaoanquanyinhuan。

2.构建安全环境

lianghaodeanquanhuanjingshibaozhengshiyanshianquandezhongyaoyinsu,goujiananquanhuanjing,yinggaicongyingjianheruanjianshangzheshoujinxing。

yingjianfangmian: shiyanshi(lou)yaopeibeiwanshandeanquansheshi,ru,xiaofangqicai、baojingzhuangzhi、jinjipenlinzhuangzhi、xiyanqi、jijiuxiang、feiqiwushoujizhuangzhideng。yaojingchangduianquantongdaojinxingjiancha,baozhenganquantongdaodechangtong,baozhengshiyanyongdianheyongshuianquan、hege。

ruanjianfangmian: mingquegeshiyanshianquanzerenren,zhenduigegeshiyanshideqianzaiweihaizhangtiemingxianbiaozhi,duigezhongyiqishebeideanquanzhuyishixiang、shiyongguizemingquegaozhi,duiyaojideweihai、yingjichulicuoshiyuyimingquebiaozhu。yaodingqijinxinganquanjiancha,kaizhananquanxuexiheanquanzhishishiyanjishuyuguanlijingsai,zhidingyangedejiangchengcuoshi,yingzaoanquanfenwei。

3.完善制度体系,提高安全意识

新疆时时彩jianliwanshan、mingquedeshiyanshiguanlizhidutixibingyangezhixing,shishiyanshianquangongzuokechixufazhandezhongyaobaozhang,yeshianquanzhunruzhiduyunxingdebiyaotiaojian。

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